Earth Water Air Fire

The four Elements and Architecture

According to Pre-Socratic tradition, since earliest times, when humankind began to analyse the universe, there was this important proposition lasting until today that nature and life are connected to the four principles of earth, water, air and fire. This thesis not only relates to basic conditions of man on earth, but also targets the fundamentals of architecture.

published by ActarD

Contributions by: Iñaki Ábalos, Stan Allen, Tadao Ando, Jan Carmeliet, Isabel Concheiro, Paulo David, Elizabeth Diller, Kenneth Frampton, Toni Gironès, Michael Hampe, Anna Hotz, Krunoslav Ivanišin, Michael Jakob, Claude Lichtenstein, Till von Mackensen, Josep Lluis Mateo, Rahul Mehrotra, Marcel Meili, Agusti Obiol, Cecilia Obiol, Juhani Pallasmaa, Florian Sauter, Chasper Schmidlin, Ricardo Scofidio, Richard Scoffier, Manfred Sigrist, Gérman del Sol, Ramias Steinemann, Kevin Sun, Philip Ursprung, Günther Vogt, Wilfried Wang, Heini Wernli, Li Xiadong, Peter Zumthor


MIDDLE EAST Landscape City Architecture

This issue of Architectural Papers brings together material about the contemporary practice of architecture in the Middle East.

The Middle East, a central place due to its history and geographical position, formalizes some of today’s tensions. Here, the DESTRUCTION-CONSTRUCTION dialectic appears without metaphors alongside the tensions between IDENTITY AND COSMOPOLITANISM that have always accompanied modernism and which, in times of globalization, must be regarded in a new light.

In our globalized world, any claim to exoticism becomes meaningless, so looking at and understanding the “Other” is simply a means of finding out more about ourselves. THE OTHER MERGES WITH US. Our role here, to a large extent, is to find interlocutors and scenarios that allow our arguments to expand and transform.

Our viewpoint is at once distant and close. DISTANT, because sometimes architecture disappears into the landscape, or behind words; but also CLOSE, where detail, material, texture, shadow, and light affect us. And where the singular experience, sometimes, comes to the fore.

published by Park Books

Contributions by: Yasar Adanali, Khaled Adham, George Arbid, Mohammad al-Asad, Marianne Baumgartner, Ulrich Bellwald, Rami Daher, Saba Ghasemizadeh, Anna Grichting Soldner, Sahel al-Hiyari, Anna Hotz, Krunoslav Ivanisin, Ibrahim Jaidah, Ömer Kanipak, Bernard Khoury, Bechara Malkoun, Hoda Muller Khanbani, Josep Lluis Mateo, Cecilia Obiol, Ashraf Salama, Wael Samhouri, Han Tümertekin, Ala' Zreigat


EXPRESSION Architecture and the Arts: A Pedagogical Interaction

Expression is based on a three-term program at ETH Zürich investigating the topic “architecture and art”. Essays, interviews and students’ projects document and condense the findings of this topical research in the fields of art: film, literature and visual arts. Three concrete examples in Switzerland have been studied: a Giacometti museum in Stampa, a Cinémathèque in Locarno, and an Elias Canetti library in Zürich. The book shows the differing influence film, literature, and visual arts can have on architectural thought and design. It also reveals the knowledge to be gained from combining arts and architecture. The essays by Josep Lluís Mateo, Florian Sauter, Isabelle Concheiro, Ramias Steinemann, and Philip Ursprung, and the interviews with Gottfried Böhm (German architect and sculptor), José Luis Guerin (Spanish film director), and Pier Vittorio Aureli (Italian architect and theoretician) explore the importance of artistic impulse on architecture.

128 colour pages / published by Scheidegger & Spiess

Contributions by: Pier Vittorio Aureli, Gottfried Böhm, Elias Canetti, Isabel Concheiro, José Luis Guerin, Edwin Heathcote, Josep Lluis Mateo, Tomeu Ramis, Florian Sauter, Ramias Steinemann and Philipp Ursprung


AFTER CRISIS Contemporary Architectural Conditions

Architectural Papers V concentrates around the new conditions for architectural practice and around the new epistemologies that may inform it in the next future. That is, in the period after the financial bubble has collapsed and living and working conditions have significantly changed. Essays, studies and interviews, along with a selection of indicative projects, tackle the actual issues of growth and shrinking, economy and ideology, craftsmanship and social space in the city, materiality and sustainability in architecture. In a logical sequence, they depict the current reality of architecture.

160 colour pages / published by Lars Mueller Publishers

Contributions by: Inaki Abalos, Tariq Ali, Solano Benitez, Alexander Brodsky, Jan Carmeliet, Isabel Concheiro, Viktor Dorer, Anton Garcia Abril, Jorge Garcia de la Camara, Huang Xusheng, Hans Ibelings, Krunoslav Ivanisin, Rem Koolhas, Julio Martinez Calzon, Josep Lluis Mateo, Peter Moonen, Andreas Rubin, Richard Sennett, Wang Shu, Ramias Steinemann and Slavoj Zizek


Global Housing Projects

One could consider the project as historic criticism with the buildings as protagonists. The project is considered being a contribution in a wider context. Housing typologies are chosen because of the more evident parameters, which have been established until today. The main goal is to define contemporary architectural cannons of the past 25 years in one specific architectural field that is housing and at the same time give a perspective about the new important guidelines in domestic architecture. The selection of influential housing projects of the last 25 years reflects the most innovative housing projects that have been built, seizing common notions and new demands. The slection of the contemporary practice should help explain and restructure our recent past as immediate base for our present.

275 colour pages / published by Actar

Contributions by:

Projects: Charles Correa, paulo Mendes Da Rocha, Jean Nouvel, Alvaro Siza, Rem Koolhaas, Riegler Riewe, Hans Kollhoff, Kazuyo Sejima, Mvrdv, Josep Lluis Mateo, Diener & Diener, Herzog & De Meuron, Eduardo Souto De Moura, Rafael Iglesia, Riken Yamamoto, Kojima Kazuhiro, Stanley Saitowitz, Christian Kerez, Arangurengallegos, Dellekamp Arquitectos, Lacaton Vassal, Plot = Big + Jds , Chiba Manabu Architects , ofis Arhitekti , Cino Zucchi Architetti -
Contributions: Dominique Boudet, Maria Vine, Jorge Almazan, Miquel Adria, Erwin Viray, Krunoslav Ivanisin, Ramias Steinemann, Dan Budik


ICONOCLASTIA News from a Post-Iconic World

In former times buildings and other constructions that formalised singular moments for the community were called MONUMENTS. Expressions of power, celebrations of rituals and collective affirmations constituted their basis. Usually they were solid (PERMANENCE being their objective, although difficult to achieve). They gathered the world around them; they used to ESTABLISH RELATIONS with their surroundings... Definitely TERRESTRIAL, a monument was like a rock - a mountain that erected dominated the plane. In the contemporary world, any architectural project with exceptional expressive will is commonly called an ICON. Etymologically, an icon is the REPRESENTATION of divinity throughout painting with a strong coded style. They were regarded as the presence of God and the Saints on earth. But the tradition of Icons has its antagonist incorporated. The ICONOCLASTIC MOVEMENT destroyed all the representation of divinity pleading that it destroys its very essence. Josep Lluis Mateo, excerpt from ICONOCLASTIA, March 2007

148 colour pages / published by Actar

Contributions by: Yannis Aesopos, Pier Vittorio Aureli, Isabel Concheiro, Sabine von Fischer, Naoto Fukasawa, Hans Ibelings, Krunoslav Ivanisin, Alicia Guerrero Yeste, Fredy Massad, Daniel Kiss, Josep Lluis Mateo, Jasper Morrison, Agusti Obiol, Florian Sauter, Peter Sloterdijk, Elias Torres Tur, Yoshiharu Tsukamoto


Natural Metaphor

No interpretation of the idea of nature is good for all people in all places at all times. Charles Darwin?s century brought home forcefully the reality of time, of evolutionary process that ultimately transforms all things. Darwin?s contemporary T.H. Huxley believed that evolution forced the question of our place in nature upon us. Twentieth-century science posed a further interpretative challenge. We have reached the end of credible claims to certainty concerning nature. Given uncertainty, open-ended inquiry becomes a hallmark of rationality, and the idea of nature remains inevitably in flux.

175 colour pages / published by Actar

Contributions by: Christophe Girot, Toni Girones, Frederic Schwartz, Patrick Gartman, Catherine Dumont D?ayot, Christian Kerez, Olafur Eliasson, Peter St. John, Stan Allen, Manuel Castells, Paulo Mendes Da Rocha, Marcel Meili, Inaki Abalos, Josep Lluis Mateo, Renzo Piano, Florian Sauter, Maria Vine, Ramias Steinemann, Alice Hucker, Mai Komura, Michal Krzywdziak, Jonathan Lin, Erwin Viray, Philip Ursprung


Bigscale Grossform

According to natural scientific logics, the size of creatures in nature is strictly linked to their form. A fly for example possesses a form that can absolutely not be increased. Should this still occur, the hence emerging monster would collapse, because his supporting elements, although proportionally increased, would not be capable of carrying the overweight. If we consider architecture as a phenomenon that follows the laws of the physical world, size and scale appear as initial conditions, under which architecture has to be pondered. This volume of Architectural Papers gathers aseries of data, arguments and projects produced at our chair surrounding this theme.

194 colour pages / printed at Gustavo Gili

Contributions by: Ivo Bertolo, Sabine V.Fischer, Gustavo Gili Galfetti, Yung Ho Chang, Diedrich Diederichsen, Piet Eckert, Christophe Girot, Ernst Hubeli, Bernhard Khoury, Josep Lluis Mateo, Maria Vine


Object Laboratory 2002-04

This publication intends to periodically transmit the pedagogical experience gained at our chair of the ETH of Zurich, Switzerland. To teach project design always entails a personal encounter between teacher and student acting on things one does not know with results that are not always conveniently judged among themselves, but as steps of a cognitive process open to the future; although it may also be convenient to evaluate pedagogical experience as a more general sphere, where questions, answers and ways of acting can be focused before the backdrop of a more global context.

174 colour pages / printed at Gustavo Gili

Contributions by: Ivo Bertolo, Sabine V.Fischer, Gustavo Gili Galfetti, Yung Ho Chang, Diedrich Diederichsen, Piet Eckert, Christophe Girot, Ernst Hubeli, Bernhard Khoury, Josep Lluis Mateo, Maria Vine

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